Women rights are basically entitlements that are claimed by both girls and women from all corners of the world. These rights were founded in the early nineties when the women rights movement began. While these entitlements have seen considerable improvement in the women’s lives especially in the western countries, a huge percentage of the poorest group of people in the world today is comprised of women. Womenfolk also form two third of people who cannot read or write and there is fear that some of their rights are slowly slipping away. The following are critical facts about women’s rights.
Scientific study has it that the life expectancy of women is perceived to be longer than that of men. While there are countries where the life expectancy of both women and men has increased significantly, the life expectancy of females goes down as the gap between the rich and the poor widens. Between the late 1990s and 2001, the life expectancy for women decreased from 65 years to 50.5 on average.
Work and Wages
Worldwide, the numbers of women who work for a regularly paid salary are lower than that of men. Women are also likely to work on a part-time basis, in the informal sector, and in low paid jobs. In fact, women earn only 69% to 75% of male wages, and there is no country in the entire world that they get paid the same amount of salaries and wages as their male counterparts.
Violence Against Women
Violence against women takes many forms, and as much as women’s rights are fueled by the need to end this, there are no visible signs of its dwindling. Forms of violence against women include femicide, female infanticide, parental sex orientation, economic abuse, rape, political and dowry-related violence. Women who are more vulnerable to violence include HIV-positive females, undocumented workers, members of a particular race or ethnicity and sexual minorities. They also include migrants, women with disabilities, in detention and those affected by conflict and emergency settings such as living in refugee camps.
Almost half a million women die every year during childbirth or due to pregnancy complications. A huge percentage of these numbers are women from developing countries. Millions more females experience complications that cause permanent disability or poor health. Most of these tragedies can be prevented if these women could access better health care during their gestation period and childbirth.
A significant number of people in the world today cannot read or write. The biggest percentage of this number is comprised of women, especially those aged between the ages of 15 and 24 in developing countries. Although there’s still a long way to go, several countries have taken promising steps for curbing gender inequality particularly when it comes to primary education over the past decade.
Women face a lot of discrimination mainly due to the prevailing misconception that they are weak. The fight for women rights have seen a lot of success since it began but there is a lot that needs to be done especially in developing countries. Violence against women takes a lot of forms, which often yield devastating results especially when steps to curb it are not taken.